You should always contact your doctor with these symptoms as quickly as possible
During a full eye examination your doctor will determine the best treatment option for the level of your condition. Treatment options are based upon the affected level of vision the cataract is causing. If the vision is only affected slightly, no treatment may be necessary. However, adjusting prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses can provide temporary improvement for moderately affected vision. If the cataract develops to the point it affects normal daily activities, surgery is usually the next option. Cataract surgery is the most performed procedure in the United States. Not everyone is a candidate for cataract surgery, but for the patients who've had surgery performed, approximately 90 percent report having better vision following their surgery.
A cataract is when the eye's lens becomes cloudy, and is often described as looking through a dirty car windshield. In order for the eye to focus light properly onto the retina, in the back of the eye, it is very important the lens remains clear. Often a cataract will begin to develop slowly and you may not notice any drastic changes with your sight initially. However, over time, you will begin to notice your sight affecting normal daily activities. As with any type of vision issue, it is important to see your doctor quickly to diagnose what's causing the condition.
In most cases cataracts develop due to aging; in fact, most people over the age of 65 have them. However, there are a few other factors associated with cataract development. Although the exact cause of cataracts is unknown, the following can contribute to cataract development:
Congenital or Developmental cataracts, associated with infants and children, are much less common. They're thought to be hereditary, but could also be linked to some birth defects. In other cases, developmental cataracts will develop without any recognizable cause.