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Schaeffer Eye Center
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CATARACT SYMPTOMS

  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Glare or sensitivity to light
  • Double Vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Color changes or discoloration
  • Second sight - Increased ability to see close-up, although only temporarily.
  • Frequent changes with eyeglass or contact lens prescription
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Seeing halos around lights

You should always contact your doctor with these symptoms as quickly as possible

TREATMENTS

During a full eye examination your doctor will determine the best treatment option for the level of your condition. Treatment options are based upon the affected level of vision the cataract is causing. If the vision is only affected slightly, no treatment may be necessary. However, adjusting prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses can provide temporary improvement for moderately affected vision. If the cataract develops to the point it affects normal daily activities, surgery is usually the next option. Cataract surgery is the most performed procedure in the United States. Not everyone is a candidate for cataract surgery, but for the patients who've had surgery performed, approximately 90 percent report having better vision following their surgery.

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Cataract surgery is the most performed procedure in the United States.

Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 40, and also the leading cause of blindness around the world.

A cataract is when the eye's lens becomes cloudy, and is often described as looking through a dirty car windshield. In order for the eye to focus light properly onto the retina, in the back of the eye, it is very important the lens remains clear. Often a cataract will begin to develop slowly and you may not notice any drastic changes with your sight initially. However, over time, you will begin to notice your sight affecting normal daily activities. As with any type of vision issue, it is important to see your doctor quickly to diagnose what's causing the condition.

CAUSES

In most cases cataracts develop due to aging; in fact, most people over the age of 65 have them. However, there are a few other factors associated with cataract development. Although the exact cause of cataracts is unknown, the following can contribute to cataract development:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Prolonged use of steroid medications
  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight or radiation
  • Other eye diseases
  • Obesity
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Eye injury (Traumatic Cataract)
  • Family History

Congenital or Developmental cataracts, associated with infants and children, are much less common. They're thought to be hereditary, but could also be linked to some birth defects. In other cases, developmental cataracts will develop without any recognizable cause.

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